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Abstract

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Student Project No.3:
Botany on Victoria Peak
Tang King Po School

Teacher: Miss Chan Mei Wan, Helena
Students:
Fong Wai Hon
Jing Chung Hon
Hsu Man Hung
Wong Kit
Kwong Fu Shing
Lau Chor Hin
Kong Ho Seng
Poon Tsz Hin
Choi Shu Yui

Index 目錄
Lantana 馬纓丹
Indian Rubber Tree 印度橡樹
Giant Alocasia 海芋
Wood-fern 華南毛蕨
Arenga Palm 白欖王
Ramie 苧麻
Ladder Brake 蜈蚣草
Cao-dou-kou 草豆蔻
Palm-grass 棕葉狗尾草
Lantana 馬纓丹
Scientific name:
Lantana camara. L
English name: Lantana
中文名: 馬纓丹(如意草)
Class: Angiosperms ( Dicot )
Family: Verbenaceae
Habit: Shrub

Lantana 馬纓丹
Stem: There are thorns on the stem.
Leaf: Leaves are opposite. Their margins are toothed. The surfaces of the leaves are rough.
Flower: Flowers are red or yellow in colour.
Indian Rubber Tree 印度橡樹
Scientific name:
Ficus elastica Roxb. ex Hornem
English names: Caoutchuc, Indian-rubber Tree, Indian Rubber Tree
中文名: 印度橡樹
Class: Angiosperms ( Dicot )
Family: Moraceae
Habit: Tree
Indian Rubber Tree 印度橡樹
Root: Aerial roots absorb water and nutrients from the air. Aerial roots will thicken and become prop roots when they reach the ground.
Flower: Flowers are arranged in figs.
Giant Alocasia 海芋
Scientific name:
Alocasia macrorrhiza (L.) Schott
English name: Giant Alocasia
中文名: 海芋
Class: Angiosperms ( Monocot )
Family: Araceae
Habit: Perennial herb
Giant Alocasia 海芋
The whole plant contains needle-shaped oxalate crystals, which will be denatured in high temperatures.
Stem: Both above- or under-ground stems stout.
Giant Alocasia 海芋
Leaf: They are broadly ovate, arrow- or heart-shaped at base, deep green.
Flower: Flowers are arranged in spadix with a spathe.
Wood-fern 華南毛蕨
Scientific name:
Cyclosorus parasiticus (L.) Farw
English name: Wood-fern, Parasitic Tri-vein Fern
中文名: 華南毛蕨
Class: Ferns
Family: Thelypteridaceae
Habit: Herb
Wood-fern 華南毛蕨
Leaf: Compound leaves are pinnately divided. They are pale green in color. Leaves are soft.
Sori can be found on the lower surfaces of leaves.
Arenga Palm 白欖王
Scientific name:
Arenga engleri Becc.
English name: Arenga Palm
中文名: 白欖王(山棕)
Class: Angiosperms (Monocot)
Family: Arecaceae
Habit: Tree
Arenga Palm 白欖王
Leaf: Compound leaves.
Advantages:
1. prevent its leaves from being broken by wind,
2. prevent accumulation of water on the leaf surface.
Flower: The flowers are borne on large branched inflorescences arising between the leaves.
Ramie 苧麻
Scientific name:
Boehmeria nivea (L.) Gaudich.
English name: Ramie
中文名: 苧麻
Class: Angiosperms ( Dicot )
Family: Urticaceae
Habit: Shrub
Ramie 苧麻
Leaf: Rough in texture (similar to fine sandpaper).
Flower: Male and female flowers on the same plant.
Uses: Stem for medicinal purposes. Fibre, inner bark, for textile and linen.
Ladder Brake 蜈蚣草
Scientific name:
Pteris vittata L.
English name: Ladder Brake
中文名: 蜈蚣草
Class: Ferns
Family: Pteridaceae
Habit: Herb
Ladder Brake 蜈蚣草
Leaf: Compound leaves. They are circinated when young.
Spore: The spores are borne in sori along the margins of leaves.
Cao-dou-kou 草豆蔻
Scientific name:
Alpinia hainanensis K. Schum.
English name: Hainan Galangal, Katsumada Galangal, Cao-dou-kou
中文名: 草豆蔻
Class: Angiosperms ( Monocot )
Family: Zingiberaceae
Habit: Perennial Herb
Cao-dou-kou 草豆蔻
Leaf: Linear-lanceolate leaves are dark green.
Flower: Flowers are white.
Uses: Hairy fruit is used for medicinal purpose. It turns golden yellow when mature. They are commonly found at the peak.
Palm-grass 棕葉狗尾草
Scientific name:
Setaria palmifolia (Koen.) Stapf
English name: Palm-grass
中文名: 棕葉狗尾草
Class: Angiosperms ( Monocot )
Family: Gramineae
Habit: Perennial herb
Palm-grass 棕葉狗尾草
Leaf: They are broad and pleated.
Flower: Wind pollinated. The flowers are small and have no fragrance.
Uses: They are used for medicinal and economic purposes.
Valuable Experience ……

It is good to learn more about common plants in Hong Kong. I was impressed by fig wasps (榕小蜂).
Hsu Man Hung

The field trip is interesting. I learned a lot about plants through the explanation of the demonstrator. I would recommend this field trip to others.
Choi Shu Yui

I found that classification of plants is not as simple as what I expect. The long and complicated Latin names of plants appear terribly difficult to me.
Fong Wai Hon

The trip was comfortable and pleasant. The knowledge covered was not too difficult for secondary students. The explanation were clear and helpful. In conclusion, the trip was really interesting and enjoyable.
Kong Ho Seng

I have learnt much about plants in HK. I have a very nice day. I enjoyed the trip very much.
Jing Chung Hon

I am happy that I joined this project. I learned a lot in it. The demonstrator shared with us interesting information about plants in details. Besides, he is kind and intelligent!
Poon Tsz Hin


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